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GoldenTreasures
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Title: Horse info
GoldenTreasures   PET POURI
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GoldenDebs
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(Date Posted:01/05/2018 9:30 PM)
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Here is a link about the American Mustang:

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GoldenDebs
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RE:Horse info
(Date Posted:01/05/2018 9:41 PM)


THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
WESTERN & ENGLISH
RIDING STYLES

By
Katherine Blocksdorf, About.com Guide


Equipment: Western riding developed according to the needs of 'cowboys'. The Western saddle is made to distribute weight more evenly over the horse’s back so horse and rider can counterbalance the weight of a roped cow. The seat is comfortable for long hours over rough terrain. The horn anchors a lariat when roping cattle. English riding takes many of its traditions and equipment from European mounted military styles.


Type of Horse: Western horses tend to be compact and traditionally capable of steady travel all day with small bursts of speed to chase stray cattle. English style horses tend to be taller.

But some individuals have surprising talents and a stocky Quarter Horse may surprise you in the dressage ring, while a Thoroughbred might have unexpected ‘cow sense’. Chances are your horse and you can find some success—and certainly fun, at any discipline or riding style no matter his type or breeding.


Gaits:

  • Walk very similar for both English and Western.
  • Trot/Jog: A jog is very smooth, relaxed, and slightly faster than a walk. The jog is useful for following herds of cattle. Riders sit a jog, and do not post. A trot is posted unless a sitting trot is required in the show ring.
  • Canter/Lope: The Western lope is a slow relaxed canter. An canter can be very elevated, extended, or collected with many variations in speed depending on the specific discipline or style.


Attire: The most distinctive element of Western riding is the hat. Traditional Western hats are giving way to the use of helmets. Western style helmets are available. A comfortable shirt, jeans and Western style boots complete the traditional look. Many Western riders opt to wear sporty looking helmets, even in the show ring. English riders wear a traditional style ‘hunt cap’. A fitted jacket, shirt, jodhpurs or breeches and jodhpur boots or tall boots complete the English rider’s habit.


The Basics of What You’ll Need to Know: Western riders will learn how to hold the reins with one hand, and sit the trot. English riders will learn to hold a rein in each hand and post the trot. As you progress you will learn to cue and control your horse for different speeds within each gait, and other skills you’ll need to participate in various disciplines. If you plan to compete, you’ll need to learn to braid or band a mane, pull a tail, and other grooming details depending on what you are competing in.
English and Western Disciplines: After learning the basics of either style there is a wide range of sports you can try. Here are just a few: Western

  • Team penning
  • Cutting
  • Reining
  • Speed Games
  • Trail Classes
  • Pleasure and Equitation Classes
  • Roping
  • Trail riding

English

  • English or English Country Pleasure
  • Jumping
  • Hunting
  • Mounted Games
  • Polo
  • Hunter Pace


Sports That You Could Ride Either Or
English or Western Style:
Some sports allow for either style of riding.


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RE:Horse info
(Date Posted:01/05/2018 9:44 PM)


All About Horses
http://www.animalcorner.co.uk/farm/hors ... about.html



A Horse (Equus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus.

Equus comes from the ancient Greek word meaning quickness. Horses are mammals in the same family as zebras, mules and donkeys.

Most breeds of horses are able to perform work such as carrying humans on their backs or be harnessed to pull objects such as carts or plows. However, horse breeds were developed to allow horses to be specialized for certain tasks. Lighter horses were bred for racing or riding, heavier horses for farming and other tasks requiring pulling power. Some horses, such as the miniature horse, can be kept as pets.

The horse plays a prominent role as a figure in the ideals of religion, mythology and art and plays an important role in transportation, agriculture and warfare.

Horses come in lots of different colours and shades - take a look at some of these colours below:

Bay
Black
Brown
Chestnut
Fleabitten
Grey
Skewbald
Albino
Appaloosa
Dun
Palomino
Piebald
Roan

There are lots of different names for the horse hierarchy system, take a look at these:

Foal
a horse of either sex less than one year old. A nursing foal is sometimes called a suckling and a foal that has been weaned is called a weanling. Most domesticated foals are weaned at 4-6 months of age.
Yearling
a horse of either sex that is between one and two years old.
Colt
a male horse under the age of four.
Filly
a female horse under the age of four.
Mare
a female horse four years old and older.
Stallion
a non-castrated male horse four years old and older. Some people, particularly in the UK, refer to a stallion as a 'horse'.
Gelding
A castrated male horse of any age, though for convenience sake, many people also refer to a young gelding under the age of four as a 'colt'.
Sire
is the word used for the father of a horse.
Dam
is the word used for the mother of a horse.

Horse Life Span Depending on breed, management and environment, the domestic horse today has a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. It is uncommon, but a few horses live into their 40s and occasionally, beyond. The oldest verifiable record was 'Old Billy', a horse that lived in the 19th century to the age of 62. In modern times, Sugar Puff, who had been listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the worlds oldest then-living pony, died at age 56.

Regardless of a horses actual birthdate, for most competition purposes, horses are considered a year older on January 1 of each year in the northern hemisphere and August 1 in the southern hemisphere. The exception is endurance riding, where the minimum age to compete is based on the horses actual calendar age.

Horse Hooves Horses that work or travel on hard roads need their feet (hooves) protected by metal shoes. Horses hooves, like our finger and toe nails, also grow continuously and need to be trimmed. To do this, the horses shoes need to be removed and their hooves trimmed every 4 - 6 weeks. After trimming their hooves new shoes are fitted. The person who cares for a horses feet is called a blacksmith.

How Horses are measured Horses are measured by the width of a human hand - 4 inches or 10 centimetres. Measurement is taken from the ground up to the withers, the highest point on the horses shoulder.

Horse Movements

There are 4 natural paces of a horses movement:
Walking
The slowest pace, a gentle, relaxing walk.
Trotting
A bit quicker than a walk, but still gentle and casual.
Cantering
More energetic here - a quicker, bouncier pace.
Galloping
High speed - lots of energy - make sure you hang on.

Horse Movement Definitions Gait - any forward movement of the horse.

Walk - the horse raises its feet one after the other and puts them down in the same order (4 miles per hour).

Trot or Jog - the horse lifts the front leg on one side of its body and the hind leg on the other side at the same time. The other two legs hit the ground together. The trot is faster than the walk. (9 miles an hour).

Canter - the horse gathers its hind legs under its body and extends its forelegs. It is a controlled gallop. At one point, all four feet are off the ground. (12 - 40 miles an hour).

Gallop - the horse gallop is the fastest movement - the horse gathers both hind legs and forelegs under its body simultaneously and flys through the air.




 

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Registered:07/12/2017

RE:Horse info
(Date Posted:01/05/2018 10:06 PM)


The Healthy Horse
Do you know the signs that your horse is healthy?


You know your horse is sick when he won't eat his feed,
and you know he needs the vet
when he has a huge cut that's bleeding.




But do you know what to look for to
tell if he is healthy every day?




Here are some things to check
every time you visit your horse
to be sure he is healthy and happy.





1. muzzle
2. cheek
3. face
4. forehead
5. poll
6. neck
7. crest
8.jaw
9. withers
10. heart girth
11. back
12. loin
13. coupling
14. croup
15. thigh
16. point of buttock
17. quarters
18. gaskin
19. hock
20. cannon
21. fetlock joint
22. pastern
23. stifle
24. rear flank
25. under line
26. ribs
27. fore flank
28. elbow
29. forearm
30. knee
31. cannon
32. fetlock joint
33. pastern
34. foot
35. arm
36. breast
37. point of shoulder
38. shoulder
39. throat latch

Eyes

One of the first things you look at is a horse's face, right?
When you look into his eyes, are they bright and clear or
are they cloudy with a milky color to them?
Clear, bright eyes are a sign of good health.




If there is any discoloration to the eye,
call your vet to be sure that your
horse doesn't get an eye infection.




There shouldn't be any discharge from his eye.
If there is, it means that there's something
in his eye that is irritating him and making it tear.
If the discharge is yellow or greenish
in color, he may have an eye infection.






Ears

The ears are a great indicator of how a horse is feeling.
They should not be crusty and filled with grit;
they should be clean and free from sores.




Protect your horse's ears so flies
and other insects don't bite them.
Itchy ears can make your horse shake his head
when you try to put his bridle or halter on him.






Nose

There should not be any kind of discharge
from a healthy horse's nose. Don't be worried if there's
a bit of clear secretion, but if it's yellow or greenish,
your horse is probably sick and you need to call the vet.




Nostrils should be clean and not filled with dirt-
this can make your horse sneeze and cough.




If your horse has a light-colored muzzle,
be sure to put sunscreen on it so it
doesn't get sunburned and become painful.






Breathing

When a horse is resting,
you should not be able to hear him breathe.
If you can hear the air go in and out,
something may be wrong.
He may have heaves (like human asthma)
and need to be kept away from dirt and dust.




Your horse should not cough or blow air
through his nose repeatedly;
this could mean that he has a cold
that needs to be taken care of immediately.




Call your vet if your horse is having trouble breathing,
she may put him on some antibiotics and
you may have to keep him away from other horses.






Weight

Is your horse fat? If so, he's probably
getting too much food. Check with your vet or a
feed specialist to be sure that your
horse is getting the right amount of food
for his exercise level and body type.




If your horse is skin and bones, ask the pros
what type of feed or supplements you
should be feeding to bulk him up.




Your horse's weight is one of the best indicators
of how healthy he is. An overweight horse
can be just as unhealthy as a skinny one.






Energy

Do you have to work just as hard
as your horse to get him around the ring?
Or, is your horse bouncing off the walls
of his stall waiting to be let out?
Both of these behaviors are indicators of his energy level.




You don't want a horse that is so tired
that he can't move, but at the same time you don't
want a horse that is so hyper you have to
lunge him for an hour before you ride.




Your horse gets energy from his food,
so be sure to ask an equine nutritionist
(some feed stores have them) about the amount
and type of feed your horse is getting to
make sure it's the right amount for him.






Hooves

Are your horse's hooves dry, long and cracked?
Or are they solid, trimmed and hard?
An old saying goes "no hoof, no horse."
How true it is! If your horse's hooves are not
taken care of, you won't be able to
ride him at all, and that's no fun!




Make sure your horse gets his hooves trimmed
every six to eight weeks and that he doesn't
have any other problems, for example thrush.
In the summer, oil his feet if
you're riding in a dry, dusty arena.






Legs

Feel your horse's legs every day to make sure
there's no heat or swelling in them.
If they are warm to the touch, this is a good indicator
that something is wrong and he might be sore.




Your horse's legs should be cool and tight.
If they are warm, jog your horse in-hand
to see if you can tell where he is lame.
If he is, call your vet or a knowledgeable adult
to find out what is wrong.




Make sure you feel all the
way down the leg to the hoof.
If his hooves are warm, he could
have an abscess or be foundering.






Coat

Your horse's coat should be shiny
and it should shed out when the weather warms up.
If his coat is dull, rough or not shedding out,
he is not as healthy as he should be.




You may need to add a little more elbow grease
to your grooming routine or you may need
to check his feed to make sure
he is getting enough vitamins and minerals.




If he doesn't shed out or if he grows
a long coat even in the summer,
he could have Cushings, a disease like human diabetes.
Ask your vet if she thinks there is a problem.




Run your hands all over his body
to make sure he doesn't have any lumps,
bumps or bruises that are causing him pain.
If you find a cut or scrape, clean it right away
with fresh water and call the vet if it's
very deep or looks infected.



* This article first appeared in the July/August 2005 issue of Young Rider.
For more information click on the link provided below.
http://www.youngrider.com/horse-health/ ... 22508.aspx






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Rank:Diamond Member

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From: Australia
Registered:07/12/2017

RE:Horse info
(Date Posted:01/05/2018 10:10 PM)


MARCH 1st is:
National Horse Protection Day

March 1 marks the Animal Miracle Network's National Horse Protection Day. The day of awareness was created to educate the public about slaughter, abuse, neglect, and homelessness of horses. National Horse Protection Day seeks to promote equine adoption and supports legislation to help end horse slaughter. The day also marks a time to support animal sanctuaries, shelters, and rescues that help preserve horses' lives. To find horses available for adoption, visit
Petfinder.org.

If adopting a horse is not an option, there are still ways to lend a hand. Animal Miracle Foundation suggests the following:

  1. Help out a neighbor's horse by feeding, bathing, riding, or walking one who may need some attention owing to recent caretaker illness or financial disability.

  2. Foster or sponsor a horse at your local shelter until a permanent home is found for the animal.

  3. Plan an adoption event on National Horse Protection Day (or anytime!) in partnership with your local humane organization to find homes for adoptable horses.

  4. Put a team of horse lovers together to raise awareness in your city about horse slaughter and the number of horses needing homes.

  5. Organize a horse food drive and distribute supplies to horses in need in your community.

For more information, visit

HorseProtectionDay.com.

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